Python to PHP

Free Python to PHP Code Converter

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Transform your code from Python to PHP with our free AI-based code convertion tool. If you like what you see, we also create documentation for your code! We don't ever store your code or any representation of it in our databases, but it will be shared with the LLM of our choice for processing.

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How to convert from Python to PHP

Converting code from Python to PHP can be quite the task. This guide will walk you through the crucial steps needed to transform your Python scripts into PHP seamlessly. We assume you are proficient in Python but need assistance with PHP.

Understanding the Differences Between Python and PHP

Before diving into code conversion, it’s essential to understand the key differences between Python and PHP. This section will help you appreciate the nuances that influence how your code is rewritten.

  • Syntax: Python uses indentation to define code blocks, while PHP uses curly braces {}.
  • Variables: In Python, variables are dynamic and do not require an explicit declaration of type. PHP, on the other hand, uses the $ sign before variables.
  • Functions: Both languages use a similar syntax for defining functions, but the way they handle default arguments and variable scopes are different.
  • Libraries and Modules: Python has a rich set of libraries like Pandas, NumPy, and requests. In PHP, similar functionalities are provided by extensions and libraries such as cURL and PDO.

Basic Syntax Conversion

Let's begin with converting basic syntactic structures from Python to PHP.

Variables

Python:

num = 10
name = "Alice"

PHP:

$num = 10;
$name = "Alice";

Notice the addition of the dollar sign $ and the semi-colon ; at the end of PHP statements.

Print Statements

Python:

print("Hello, World!")

PHP:

echo "Hello, World!";

Control Structures

If-Else Statements

Python:

if num > 0:
    print("Positive number")
else:
    print("Negative number or zero")

PHP:

if ($num > 0) {
    echo "Positive number";
} else {
    echo "Negative number or zero";
}

Loops

Python:

for i in range(5):
    print(i)

PHP:

for ($i = 0; $i < 5; $i++) {
    echo $i;
}

Functions

Defining and using functions is straightforward when converting from Python to PHP.

Python:

def add(a, b):
    return a + b

result = add(2, 3)
print(result)

PHP:

function add($a, $b) {
    return $a + $b;
}

$result = add(2, 3);
echo $result;

Error Handling

Python uses try-except blocks, whereas PHP uses try-catch blocks.

Python:

try:
    result = 10 / 0
except ZeroDivisionError:
    print("Cannot divide by zero")

PHP:

try {
    $result = 10 / 0;
} catch (DivisionByZeroError $e) {
    echo "Cannot divide by zero";
}

Working with Arrays

Python lists can be directly converted to PHP arrays.

Python:

numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
for num in numbers:
    print(num)

PHP:

$numbers = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
foreach ($numbers as $num) {
    echo $num;
}

Libraries and Modules

Many functionalities provided by Python libraries can be achieved using PHP extensions. For example, HTTP requests in Python typically use the requests library, while in PHP, you can use cURL.

Python:

import requests

response = requests.get("http://example.com")
print(response.text)

PHP:

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://example.com");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
$response = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);
echo $response;

Conclusion

Converting from Python to PHP involves understanding the syntactical and functional differences between the two languages. By following the above guidelines, you can convert basic Python code structures into their PHP counterparts effectively. Happy coding!

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